In 2005, the USCIS suspended Premium (15-day) Processing of R-1 nonimmigrant visa petitions due to fraud issues related to the sponsoring religious organizations. The USCIS conducted on-site inspections of petitioners as part of the R-1 adjudication process. Effective July 20, 2009, those R-1 religious organization petitioners already the subject of successful on-site inspections at the locations where the beneficiaries will work may request Premium Processing. The filing fee for Premium Processing is $1,000. If the USCIS issues a request for evidence, the 15-day processing period begins again upon receipt of the petitioner’s response.